Friday, April 24, 2015

Wartime Sweethearts

Frank Mitchell in his naval uniform
Frank Mitchell in his naval uniform. n.d. Missouri History Museum.

In September 1917, plumber Frank Clinton Mitchell found himself at Camp Pike, an army training camp in Little Rock, Arkansas. Working a construction job in support of the war, he was not only separated from his native St. Louis, but also from his sweetheart, Edna Kessler. To learn more about Frank and Edna's love story, click the link below:
Wartime Sweethearts by Patrick Allie, WWI Exhibit Curator, Missouri History Museum.

Friday, April 17, 2015

Hugo Schroeder

Hugo Schroeder, Camp Funston, Kansas

Last year, project staff was put in contact with Hugo Schroeder’s daughter, Velma Schroeder Rohan, by the Jefferson Barracks POW-MIA Museum staff. The organization had been working with Velma, who was trying to obtain the Purple Heart and Prisoner of War Medals that her father was entitled too. Velma brought in a small collection of items from her father's World War I service to the Missouri History Museum. These items have been digitized by Over There project staff and will be available on our website soon. Information on Hugo Schroeder's military service is below:

Friday, April 10, 2015

World War I Posters

Missouri Over There is set to digitize a collection of World War I posters from Truman State University for this year’s round of digitizing. The posters include a variety of propaganda material issued throughout Missouri during the war. These artfully crafted posters were distributed throughout the state to help garner recruits for the Navy and Marines, raise money for the war effort, and sustain public moral. The images below represent a portion of the collection, the rest of which is slated for digitization this year.

Friday, April 3, 2015

World War I Artifacts

Museum of Missouri Military History

Dynamic images of unique World War I artifacts will be one of the many exciting features of Missouri Over There. Project staff have visited several institutions throughout the state and photographed a variety of three-dimensional items that will help us tell the story of Missouri’s participation in the Great War. From machine guns and uniforms to patriotic toys, each item represents an important part of Missouri’s contribution to the war effort.

Friday, March 27, 2015

Carl Fred Musbach

Carl Fred Musbach

The Aisne-Marne American Cemetery and Memorial in France is the final resting place for over 2,000 American soldiers who lost their lives during World War I. Most of the headstones mark the graves of men who fought in the Marne Valley during the last German offensive of 1918. Among these simple white cross headstones is an unmarked grave representing Carl Fred Musbach. Musbach served with the 66th company, 5th Marine Regiment, 2nd Division. He was killed on July 18, 1918 during the battle of Belleau Wood and declared missing in action. He is one of the 1,060 missing soldiers memorialized within the chapel at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery.

Friday, March 20, 2015

WWI Artifacts and Memories: Forty and Eight

Samuel Frank's Forty and Eight shirt. Missouri History Museum.
At the end of World War I in November 1918, U.S. military men and women began their return home. The shared experiences and bonds formed in military service gave rise to veterans’ organizations on a local and national scale. The Forty and Eight, was founded in 1920 by returning World War I veterans as an honor society for members of the American Legion. Click here to read a blog about the Forty and Eight written by Patrick Allie, WWI Exhibit Curator, Missouri History Museum.

Friday, March 13, 2015

The Josef Bergmann Collection

Graduation photo of six students on a bench c.a. 1900
Bergmann is 4th from the left

Last year, project staff digitized the Josef Bergmann collection at the Holocaust Museum and Learning Center Archives in St. Louis, Missouri. Bergmann was born in Przeworsk, Poland, on December 13, 1879. He graduated from the University of Berlin in 1905 and became a physician. Bergmann became a German Citizen in 1913. On March 11, 1916, during WWI, he was decorated with the Merit of the Golden Crown Medal by the Emperor of Austria for bravery. Bergmann was discharged from the Austrian Army in 1918.  In 1935,  he was issued the Cross of Honor, which was given to all WWI  combatants. On June 5, 1939, at the height of Nazism, Bergmann's physicians license was revoked by the German government. On April 11, 1939 he was issued an immigration visa from the American Vice Consul in Berlin and on June 25, 1939 he was issued a visa through Belgium. On October 3, 1945, Bergmann  became a naturalized citizen of the United States in St. Louis, Missouri where he and his family settled.