Friday, February 22, 2013

Base Hospital 28

KC0015 - State Historical Society of Missouri
Gas casualties, the carnage of trench warfare, and the influenza epidemic presented the medical world with a new range of challenges. To face those challenges, doctors practiced developing methods such as radiology, anesthesia, bacteriology, and plastic surgery during the war. Additionally, the hospital system was carefully organized to deal with the influx of wounded soldiers. Once wounded, a soldier was taken to battlefront dressing and casualty clearing stations for first aid. From there, they were transported to a field hospital or evacuation hospital based on the severity of their wounds. After being stabilized, they were then transported to a base hospital, which was far from the front.

This week, Over There project staff evaluated a collection of correspondence from Dix Teachenor, a Missourian who was stationed in Limoges, France at Base Hospital No. 28, one of nearly 100 American hospitals operating in Europe during the First World War.

Thursday, February 14, 2013

Project Update

The past few months have been busy and exciting for project staff members involved in Missouri Over There. To date, we have examined over 140 collections and more than 33,000 pages of documents from institutions all across the state of Missouri. The collections have consisted of a variety of photos, documents, and artifacts specific to Missouri and World War I. Below are some highlights from a few of the collections we've yet to mention here on the blog.

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Collapse At Meuse-Argonne

Division and regimental histories have long been a staple of military history writing, and the literature of World War I is no exception. Many units published an official history shortly after their return from France and modern historians have continued to study famous units.  Robert H. Ferrell traces the complex story of the 35th Division in Collapse at Meuse-Argonne: The Failure of the Missouri-Kansas Division. Although General John Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Force, said the 35th Division was the “best looking lot of men I have got in France,” the troops were pulled out of the Meuse-Argonne after just five days of fighting.

Friday, February 1, 2013

From Mexico to Germany: The Military Experiences of "Ned" Henschel

James "Ned" Henschel
James Edward Henschel, born April 26, 1896, experienced war in multiple capacities, each experience catapulting him into the next.  “Ned” Henschel started his military experience on June 20, 1916, when he dropped out of the University of Missouri to enlist in the Missouri National Guard.  At this time, the United States border conflict with Mexican revolutionaries was intensifying and required National Guardsmen to reinforce the United States Army garrisons from Texas to California. Henschel went south to train for the conflict in Laredo, Texas, with Company F, Fourth Missouri Infantry. After an unremarkable experience at the Mexican border, Henschel’s unit was mustered out on March 1, 1917, but this dabbling in military involvement left Henschel with a desire to do more.